Ministers are members of the government who have been allocated an area of responsibility for how Australia is run. This area of responsibility is known as a portfolio and some examples of federal ministerial portfolios include health, finance, education, defence, and foreign affairs.
Most ministers are in charge of a government department which assists the minister in developing government policy and implementing laws.
When a minister introduces a bill (proposed law) into the Parliament, they must explain why the law is necessary and how it will solve a particular problem. If the bill becomes a law, the portfolio minister and their department are responsible for putting the law into action and making the public aware of it.
It is also possible for you to find out about new laws. The Parliament House website lists all the bills that have been introduced into the Australian Parliament since 1996. By searching this webpage you will be able to discover when the bill was introduced, information about the bill and when it received Royal Assent to become law.
All Australian laws are also listed on the Federal Register of Legislation.