"What is the role of the Prime Minister in allowing a conscience vote on an issue debated in the Parliament?"

A conscience vote—free vote—means members of parliament are not forced to vote with their political party; instead, they can vote according to their own beliefs. A conscience vote is most commonly used to decide social issues or 'life and death' issues, such as abortion, euthanasia and capital punishment. Each  party decides if its members are allowed a conscience vote on a particular issue.

More information about conscience votes is included in this fact sheet about crossing the floor.

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