Thanks for your question, Louise! The Cabinet, which is made up of 21 top-level ministers, including the Prime Minister, usually meets weekly and the meetings generally last for a few hours. The Cabinet is the main decision-making group within the government. Cabinet's role is to direct government policy and make decisions about national issues, including which government bills (proposed laws) should be introduced in Parliament.
Ministers receive a higher salary than other members of parliament because of their additional responsibilities. Federal ministers are allocated an area of responsibility for how Australia is run. This area of responsibility is known as a portfolio. Some examples of federal ministerial portfolios include health, environment, education, defence and immigration.
If a minister needs to introduce a new law or change an existing one, they must first get the approval of the Cabinet. The minister then works with their government department to prepare the bill before it is considered by the Parliament. If the bill is passed, the minster and their department are then responsible for implementing or putting this law into action.