Many would say that the defining moment for Australian democracy was federation in 1901.
Before 1901, Australia consisted of 6 British colonies which were partly self-governing but under the law-making power of the British Parliament. In the 1880s and 1890s, it was suggested the colonies might be stronger and more efficient if they worked together. Several conventions were held to draft an Australian Constitution. The Constitution was approved by a vote of the Australian people in referendums held in each colony between June 1899 and July 1900. It was then agreed to by the British Parliament. On 1 January 1901 the Australian colonies united to become a nation. This is known as federation and resulted in the creation of the Australian Parliament, with the colonies becoming Australia's 6 states. Through federation, the states transferred some of their law-making power to the Australian Parliament.
Australia is a representative democracy which means Australians elect members of parliament to make laws and decisions on our behalf. Information about the key principles of Australia's democratic system of government can be found on the PEO website.