"What is the difference between a Prime Minister and a President? Why does Australia have a Prime Minister?"

Great question Lana! The term president usually refers to the head of state of a country that is a republic. A prime minister is usually the leader of the government of a country that is a constitutional monarchy (Australia), republic (France) or another system of government. In some systems of government (the United States and Indonesia), the president is both the head of state and the leader of the government.

To find out more about the Australian system of government, check out our fact sheets. Comparisons of the Australian system of government with those of the United States and Indonesia can also be found on the PEO website. 

diagram to help explain What is the difference between a Prime Minister and a President? Why does Australia have a Prime Minister?