"Does Australia have a parliamentary line of succession to the Prime Minister and if so, what is the order?"

The Prime Minister is the leader of the parliamentary party or coalition of parties with the support of the majority of members of the House of Representatives (the government).

The Prime Minister can keep their job as long as they are a member of parliament and retain the support of the government. If the Prime Minister was unable to undertake the role, a couple of things might happen.

If a Prime Minister were unable to undertake the role of Prime Minister for a short time, for example due to illness, the Deputy Prime Minister would become Acting Prime Minister. When the Prime Minister returns to duty, the Acting Prime Minister returns to their normal position of Deputy Prime Minister.

The Deputy Prime Minister also takes on the role of Acting Prime Minister when the Prime Minister is overseas or on leave. If both the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister are unavailable, a senior member of the government can be temporarily appointed to the position.

If the Prime Minister were to die in office, the Governor-General would commission the Deputy Prime Minister as Prime Minister. The government may then vote for another member to become their leader. If so, the newly commissioned Prime Minister would then advise the Governor-General to commission this member as Prime Minister, and resign.

An example of what could happen occurred in 1967. After Prime Minister Harold Holt disappeared at sea, there was no one with the constitutional authority to advise the Governor-General as to what he should do. Using his reserve powers he terminated Mr Holt’s position as Prime Minister. He then commissioned John McEwan, the Deputy Prime Minister, as Prime Minister. Three weeks later, when Mr Holt’s body still had not been found, the government chose John Gorton as their new leader. Mr McEwan then advised the Governor-General to commission Mr Gorton as Prime Minister and resigned as Prime Minister himself.

diagram to help explain Does Australia have a parliamentary line of succession to the Prime Minister and if so, what is the order?