Thanks for your question.
The government has many responsibilities!
In Australia, the federal government is part of the federal Parliament. At an election, the party (or coalition of parties) with the support of the majority of members elected to the House of Representatives becomes the government.
The responsibilities of the federal government include:
- developing national policy; for example, plans for managing trade, foreign affairs, immigration and the environment
- introducing ideas for new laws or changes to existing ones (called bills) into Parliament
- putting laws into action, through government departments
- making important decisions on behalf of Australians, such as whether or not to send Australian troops to war zones
- representing Australia overseas, through key spokespersons such as the Prime Minister and the Minister for Foreign Affairs.
For an overview of current parliamentary happenings including the work of the government, you might like to look at Parliament NOW.